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Requirement for lead testing in private rented properties

Recent amendments to the Repairing Standard legislation in Scotland mean there is a new requirement for lead testing in private rented properties.

Changes to the Repairing Standard


The Repairing Standard is the minimum physical standard a rented property must meet and has been updated by the Scottish Government to require that, from the 1st March 2024, landlords ensure the water supply in their private rented properties is free of lead. This will mean additional testing requirements for some landlords.

Lead testing in private rented properties – requirements


After prolonged consultation with the Government, guidance from professional letting bodies on testing has been produced:

1. Scottish Water advises that if your property was built before 1970 there is a chance you could have lead pipework. If a landlord is uncertain whether there are lead pipes, or is aware of a risk, tenants must be informed, and water samples must be taken for laboratory analysis as this is the only way to properly test whether the water is lead free.


2. Scottish Government guidance states that water should be tested at all outlets where water may be consumed between the boundary stopcock and the kitchen tap. For most properties the only outlet which would need to be tested for lead is the kitchen tap. Other outlets at baths, basins and utility rooms would only need to be tested if they are located between the boundary stopcock and the kitchen tap.


3. If the test shows that the lead content is at or above 3 micrograms per litre, this indicates that there is some lead present in the plumbing. The tenants must be informed immediately. Short-term precautionary advice to tenants may include not drinking water that has been standing in pipes for long periods (e.g. overnight or if no-one has been in for several hours), and drawing off a washing-up bowl of water to clear the water which has been standing in the pipes before using it for drinking or cooking.


4. For properties connected to the public water supply, Scottish Water will undertake an investigation and replace any sections of lead in its part of the service pipe between the water main in the street and the boundary stop valve, which it must do free of charge.


5. The landlord is responsible for locating and removing any lead pipes in the sections of pipework which are not the responsibility of Scottish Water. The water should then be re-sampled to ensure that the lead content is below 3 micrograms per litre.


6. In jointly owned buildings part of the water supply may be jointly owned. A landlord is not required to carry out any work on jointly owned pipework if they cannot get the rights or consent needed to do it. The legislation requires a landlord to take reasonable steps to get the rights or consent, but they are not at fault if this cannot be obtained.


Next steps?

If you would like to arrange to take your own samples and send them for laboratory analysis please let us know ASAP.  Otherwise, for any properties built prior to 1970 we'll arrange to collect sample bottles, take samples and deliver them to the lab.  The analysis itself will cost around £40 with an additional £50 (inc VAT) covering our costs.

Please get in touch if you have any concerns or are already aware of lead pipes in your property.

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